Camping enriches your life, relaxes your mind, and connects you with wildlife. But do you know it is not as pleasant as you think because of a bear attack? Bear spray is a must-have piece of gear for campers in places like Rocky Mountain National Park, where it is often hailed as the ideal tool for safeguarding yourself from bears while hiking.
Does Bear Spray Work? Yes, it does if used correctly. If you’ve ever wanted to know how a small can of pepper spray could effectively prevent a large bear, we’re here to help you. We’ll go over all you need to know about bear spray and how it works.
- How powerful is bear spray?
- How can bear spray be used effectively?
- When should you use bear spray?
- Is it effective for all bear species?
- Bear spray vs pepper spray
- Bear spray vs gun
- Is it possible for the bear spray to cause harm to humans?
- What happens to the bear after it is sprayed?
- What should I do after I’ve sprayed?
You’ve prepared some bear spray and are on your way to your favorite wildlife-infested backcountry. And you’re curious in the back of your mind, “If I have to use this gear, will it really perform?”This post will show you how to use your camping bear spray at the appropriate time and in the right place. No more talks, let’s begin.
How powerful is bear spray?
Bear spray, which is made of oleoresin capsicum, a concentrated oil obtained from hot peppers, is a powerful deterrent that, when used properly, can deter bear attacks. Put simply, when used correctly, bear spray is very effective at preventing bears. The bear spray causes intense burning in the bear’s eyes and upper respiratory system, offering you and your friends and families time to leave.
No objection, including bear spray, is 100% effective, according to Frank van Manen of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team. Having said that, the scientific research on the efficacy of bear spray is compelling.
Although accurate figures vary, the overall opinion is that bear spray is approximately 98 percent effective in preventing a bear attack. Bear spray shoots out of the canister at over 70 mph, so it’s effective even in high winds.
When this mixture (oleoresin capsicum, a concentrated oil) of bear spray enters the eyes, nose, and other mucus membranes of any mammal (including humans), it causes irritation, distress.
Even so, no bear spray is totally successful. There are numerous reasons why bear spray may not be effective in a given situation. However, most of the time, the problem stems from the unsuitable use of the bear spray itself.
Bear spray, on the other hand, saves bear lives. Bear spray, whether for a black bear or a grizzly, provides you and the bear a fighting chance. When used correctly, bear spray is extremely effective. However, if you want to use bear spray correctly, you must first receive proper training.
How can bear spray be used effectively?
You should never have to use your bear spray, but it’s better to be prepared at home. We suggest just a few times of pulling out your bear spray and getting ready to respond to it. A certain way, if you ever need to use it, you won’t be scrambling around. Also, keep your spray in an easily accessible location.
It will be useless if you keep it in your backpack. Hold it on your hip belt, shoulder strap, or in a water bottle pouch. The following are the steps for using bear spray:
Take aim at the bear: It may seem clear now, but in a stressful environment, it’s easy to become shaken up. Every time remember to target the spray at the bear before using it.
Hang tight until the bear is within close reach of you: Bear spray is ineffective if the bear is far more than 30 feet (9m) away from you, so stay until the bear is relatively close before spraying.
Take off the safety cap: Apart from openly deploying your bear spray, you should hold the safety cap on your bear spray at all times. Once spraying the bear, instantly remove the cap with your thumb before depressing the trigger with your thumb.
Use the entire bottle: Unless the bear quickly begins to fight, you should keep the bear spray trigger depressed until the bottle is totally empty.
Spray straight at the bear: Bear spray works best when sprayed directly in the bear’s face.
When should you use bear spray?
The majority of human-bear encounters occur when people shock bears at a close distance. Hikers should only use bear spray in one situation: when a bear attack happens. It suggests that you should always use bear spray if a bear is approaching you aggressively.
The majority of human-bear encounters occur when people shock bears at a close distance. In the summer, when the trail is densely forested or thickly forested, it is possible to unexpectedly sneak up on bears without them knowing you. Bear spray will not be used if a bear near the area bear does not appear to be bothered by your presence.
You should have bear spray on hand just in case, but you should not spray a bear simply because it is walking around in its natural habitat.
The same is true when hiking near a river, where the voice of humans may be drowned out by the rush of water. It really is critical to make a lot of noise in these places to notify the bear of your nearness.
Even as camping in Yellowstone National Park, you should not pre-spray items such as your two-person tent or backpacking chair. Because pepper spray is manufactured with red pepper oil, which smells like food to hungry wildlife, so can help attract bears.
Is it effective for all bear species?
Do you think the bear spray is more effective for grizzly bears, you’re wrong! bear spray is effective against all bear species, such as grizzly bears and American black bears.
Any species of bear can become aggressive or assertive, particularly when cubs are present or the bear has learned to adapt to human food or trash. Throughout reality, because the bear spray is produced by inflaming mucus membranes (such as those in the eyes, nose, and mouth), it can be used on any mammal, as well as moose, mountain lions, and may be deterred by bear spray during encounters.
However, until recent times, scientists were unsure whether bear spray would be effectively able to fully deter certain large bears, such as polar bears. Fortunately, new research indicates that bear spray is useful against polar bears even in cold and windy conditions.
Moreover, many areas with large polar bear populations have restrictions on the types of bear repellents that can be used. At the very same time, several national parks, including Yosemite National Park, prohibit hikers from carrying bear spray.
So, before packing bear spray for your trip, carefully check the regulations in the area you’ll be visiting.
Bear spray vs pepper spray
Whereas both bear spray and pepper spray are used for self-defense, it’s crucial to understand that they are not the same item.
Having said that, there are several commonalities between bear spray and pepper spray. Bear spray and pepper spray, for instance, contain capsaicin compounds that irritate the eyes, nose, and mouth.
The variance is that bear spray is heavily regulated in the United States (and many other countries) and is made specifically for use for wildlife attacks. The following are some key distinctions between bear spray and pepper spray:
Spray design: The bear spray must have a strong, cone-shaped spray that is meant to make a massive shield for both you and the bear. This is in contrast to pepper spray, which typically fires in a sharp, thin squirt that only expands a few feet.
The density of capsaicin: Though needed to shield wildlife from severe injuries, bear spray in the United States cannot contain more than 2% capsaicin. In the meantime, pepper sprays with capsaicin concentrations of up to 30% are occasionally available.
Price: Bear sprays are more costly than pepper sprays. Even so, this does not imply that pepper spray is safe to use against bears. The additional cost may appear to be a burden, but your safety is worth the time and effort.
Marketing and packaging: Bear spray must be properly listed for use as a preventative measure by US law. The supplier of bear spray must be registered with the Department Of Environment.
Bear spray vs gun
Based on where you are, you may see backcountry campers bringing firearms to protect themselves from wildlife. Because even though guns appear to be a more efficient approach, scientific evidence shows that bear spray is more efficient.
According to studies, bear spray is 90% effective at deterring bear attacks, compared to 76 percent for long guns and 84 percent for handguns.
However, a person armed with a gun could be able to prevent a forceful bear, van Manen states that “injuries to the shooter and others do occasionally occur.” Including specialists, using firearms is challenging to the use of split-second deployment and lethal accuracy.
It’s also worth noting that the grizzly bear is federally recognized as a threatened species in the Reduced 48 States. Shooting a grizzly bear is a violation of the Endangered Species Act unless done in self-defense during an imminent attack.
Then under ESA, penalties can include up to 6 months in prison and a $100,000 fine. Violations of state law may also lead to extra penalties.
Why then would I bring a non-lethal deterrent, such as bear spray, because I could carry a gun that could stop a bear in its pathways?
This switches out that, contrary to popular belief, bear spray is more useful than a gun in the overwhelming bulk of bear encounters.
Although it is true that a lethal weapon, such as a high-caliber firearm, is powerfully able to fully kill a bear, research findings have shown that having a gun provides no more safeguards than carrying bear spray in most situations.
Is it possible for the bear spray to cause harm to humans?
Humans can be harmed by bear spray, but it is normally not serious or life-threatening.
Anybody who is sprayed with bear spray, whether unknowingly or on intent, may experience irritated eyes, itchy noses, tearing of the eyes, and short-term loss of vision.
According to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, bear spray can escape the canister at speeds of up to 70 miles per hour, permanently harming people’s eyes (ADFG).
According to BearSmart, bear spray has the same effect on humans as it does on bears. “The mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and lungs expand and become irritating when exposed to bear spray,” it says. The eyes will close and tear uncontrollably, the nose will run effusively, and coughing will occur.”
When the bear spray is sprayed on their skin, some campers experience severe pain and itchiness. All such symptoms normally fade after a few hours or days.
If exposed to bear spray, the National Park Service (NPS) recommends that infected people rinse their eyes and skin slowly and carefully with cold water, and that ice packs may help decrease inflammation.
What happens to the bear after it is sprayed?
Bear spray has an instant impact on the bear’s mouth, throat, nose, lungs, eyes, and ears. After being sprayed, the bear’s mouth will salivate. And also the bear’s throat will be narrow and irritated and allowing the bear to cough and choke.
If you spray your bear spray, the bear is likely to become disoriented. The bear will typically lose its vision for several minutes and attempt to slip away from the threat (you).
Nevertheless, even if they were not actually hit with the spray, some really aggressive bears still try to attack you. As a result, it’s critical to aim your bear spray at the bear’s nose and mouth for better defense during an attack.
Bear spray is generally available in two sizes: an 8-ounce canister and a 10-ounce canister. A 10-ounce canister is usually sufficient to deter any large animal. Do not even panic, the bear spray won’t permanently harm the animal, but it will give you sufficient time to get out of the area.
What should I do after I’ve sprayed?
After spraying a bear with bear spray, your next main focus should be to get out of the bear’s near area. As quickly as everybody is capable of moving, gather your belongings and make your way to a safe area generally a few hundred yards away, if not even more, in case the bear gets to decide to return.
If you use some of the sprays on you, make sure to wash your skin and clothing with water and take fast breaths to prevent inhaling too much. If you inadvertently discharge a canister, leave the area immediately, bear spray in a tent, car, or another tight area can rapidly become a very unpleasant situation.
However, at this point, you should double-check that no one in your group has been seriously injured. If that’s the case, do whatever you can with your first-aid kit and then devise a plan to get support. Alternatively, make absolutely sure everybody is emotionally okay following the incident before continuing on with your journey.